Der Westminster Palast mit der Westminster Abbey und dem Elizabeth Tower und der darin befindlichen Glocke Big Ben sind die am stärksten frequentierten. Der Westminster Palace ist super schön anzusehen. Vor allem bei Nacht auch sehr schön. Ich weiss nicht, ob man auch hinein kann.. wir haben ihn jedenfalls nur. Der Palace of Westminster (auch Westminster Palace), deutsch Westminsterpalast, ist der Sitz des britischen Parlaments in London, das aus dem House of.
Houses of Parliament/Westminster-Palast (London): Touren & TicketsDoch wo sollen sie dann tagen? UK Bröckelnde Fassade Palace of Westminster Houses of Parliament. Der Westminster Palast und der Big Ben direkt an der Themse, sind dabei die beiden großen Wahrzeichen Londons. In diesem Artikel erfahrt ihr. Houses of Parliament/Westminster-Palast: Touren & Tickets. Wann verreisen Sie? Anfangsdatum.
Westminster Palast Navigeringsmeny VideoBritain's Greatest Buildings The Palace of Westminster There have Mary Poppins Stuttgart Dauer four fires on the Palace of Westminster site duringand eight in Die Westminster Hall, die den Brand von überstanden hatte, wurde in Barrys Pläne integriert. A Parliamentary Miscellany. Authority control GND : LCCN : sh VIAF : WorldCat Identities : viaf
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Altri progetti. Selciato del gigante e Causeway Coast. Da Wikipedia, l'enciclopedia libera. Palazzo di Westminster Parlamento del Regno Unito.
Vista del palazzo dal Tamigi di sera. Claude Monet , Il Parlamento di Londra, tramonto , National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.
URL consultato il 5 agosto URL consultato il 27 dicembre URL consultato il 4 gennaio Chiude 5 anni per lavori il parlamento inglese , Il Sole 24 ORE, 26 agosto URL consultato il 14 maggio URL consultato il 3 dicembre URL consultato il 28 maggio URL consultato il 16 maggio archiviato dall' url originale il 24 luglio URL consultato il 2 marzo URL consultato il 17 maggio National Trust.
Jones: Architecture of England, Scotland, and Wales. Greenwood Publishing Group, , s. Houses of Parliament Restoration and Renewal.
The Telegraph, 10 marca Houses of Parliament Retoration and Renewal. Oxford University Press, , s. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Visitor Guide ang.
Houses of Parliament. Photo Guide to London Statues and Monuments. Parliamentary Estates Directorate. English Heritage. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, s.
Mystical Realms. Diese werden seitdem vom Speaker und vom Lordkanzler verwaltet. Der Lord Great Chamberlain ist noch für einige zeremonielle Räume verantwortlich.
Die Lords Chamber , der Ratssaal des House of Lords Oberhaus , befindet sich im südlichen Teil des Palace of Westminster.
Der obere Teil des Saales ist mit Buntglasfenstern und mit sechs allegorischen Fresken dekoriert, die Religion, Ritterlichkeit und Gesetz symbolisieren.
Am südlichen Ende des Saales steht ein mit Gold verzierter Thron mit Baldachin. Obwohl der Monarch theoretisch jeder Sitzung beiwohnen kann, weilt er oder sie lediglich während der zeremoniellen Parlamentseröffnung hier.
Andere Mitglieder der königlichen Familie, die die Parlamentseröffnung mitverfolgen, sitzen in den Staatssesseln chairs of state daneben.
Auf dem Woolsack sitzt der Ratsvorsitzende der Lord Speaker seit , historisch der Lordkanzler oder sein Stellvertreter.
Der Amtsstab ceremonial mace , der die königliche Autorität repräsentiert, wird auf den hinteren Teil des Woolsacks gelegt. Die Mitglieder des Oberhauses sitzen auf roten Bankreihen auf drei Seiten des Saales.
Mitglieder der Regierungspartei nehmen auf der Spiritual Side Platz, Mitglieder der Opposition auf der Temporal Side. Die wichtigste Zeremonie, die in der Lords Chamber stattfindet, ist die feierliche Parlamentseröffnung jeweils zu Beginn einer neuen Parlamentssession oder bei der konstituierenden Sitzung nach jeder Unterhauswahl.
Der auf dem Thron sitzende Monarch hält die Thronrede und verliest dabei das Regierungsprogramm für das kommende Jahr.
Die Mitglieder des House of Commons betreten bei dieser Zeremonie die Lords Chamber nicht, sondern versammeln sich an der Schranke bar of the house am Eingang des Saales.
Eine weitere Zeremonie wird am Schluss einer Parlamentssession abgehalten, wobei der Monarch hier üblicherweise nicht teilnimmt, sondern durch mehrere Lord Commissioners vertreten wird.
Die Commons Chamber , in der das House of Commons Unterhaus tagt, befindet sich am nördlichen Ende des Gebäudes. Die Sitzbänke wie auch alle weiteren Möbel auf der Commons-Seite des Palastes sind in Grüntönen gehalten.
Parlamente anderer Commonwealth -Staaten wie zum Beispiel Kanada oder Australien haben ebenfalls dieses Farbschema übernommen: Grün wird mit dem Unterhaus in Verbindung gebracht, Rot mit dem Oberhaus bzw.
Am nördlichen Ende des Saales steht der Stuhl des Speakers , ein Geschenk der australischen Regierung an das britische Parlament.
Auf diesen wird der Amtsstab des Unterhauses gelegt. Die Rednerpulte dispatch boxes sind ein Geschenk Neuseelands. An den Längswänden sind je fünf Sitzbankreihen angeordnet.
Die Abgeordneten der Regierungspartei sitzen rechts vom Speaker, jene der Opposition auf der linken Seite. Im Gegensatz zum Oberhaus gibt es keine Querbänke.
Der Saal ist relativ klein und bietet lediglich Platz für der insgesamt Unterhausabgeordneten. Der letzte Monarch, der dies tat, war König Karl I.
Januar den Antrag stellte, fünf Abgeordnete wegen Hochverrats verhaften zu lassen. William Lenthall , der damalige Speaker, wies die Forderung jedoch zurück.
Dieses Ereignis gilt als einer der Auslöser des Englischen Bürgerkriegs. Die Westminster Hall ist der älteste Teilbau des Palace of Westminster.
Erst zu Beginn des Jahrhunderts wurde sie von einer Halle der Conciergerie in Paris übertroffen. Ursprünglich stützten zwei Säulenreihen den Dachstuhl.
Black Rod's Garden named after the office of Gentleman Usher of the Black Rod is closed to the public and is used as a private entrance. Old Palace Yard , in front of the Palace, is paved over and covered in concrete security blocks see security below.
Cromwell Green also on the frontage, and in enclosed by hoardings for the construction of a new visitor centre , New Palace Yard on the north side and Speaker's Green directly north of the Palace are all private and closed to the public.
College Green , opposite the House of Lords, is a small triangular green commonly used for television interviews with politicians.
The Palace of Westminster contains over 1, rooms, staircases and 4. The ground floor is occupied by offices, dining rooms and bars; the first floor known as the principal floor houses the main rooms of the Palace, including the debating chambers, the lobbies and the libraries.
The top-two floors are used as committee rooms and offices. Some of the interiors were designed and painted by J. Crace , working in collaboration with Pugin and others.
For example, Crace decorated and gilded the ceiling of the Chapel of St. Mary Undercroft. Instead of one main entrance, the Palace features separate entrances for the different user groups of the building.
The Sovereign's Entrance, at the base of the Victoria Tower, is located in the south-west corner of the Palace and is the starting point of the royal procession route, the suite of ceremonial rooms used by the monarch at State Openings of Parliament.
This consists of the Royal Staircase, the Norman Porch, the Robing Room, the Royal Gallery and the Prince's Chamber, and culminates in the Lords Chamber, where the ceremony takes place.
Members of the House of Lords use the Peers' Entrance in the middle of the Old Palace Yard front, which is covered by a stone carriage porch and opens to an entrance hall.
A staircase from there leads, through a corridor, to the Prince's Chamber. Members of Parliament enter their part of the building from the Members' Entrance in the south side of New Palace Yard.
Their route passes through a cloakroom in the lower level of the Cloisters and eventually reaches the Members' Lobby directly south of the Commons Chamber.
From New Palace Yard, access can also be gained to the Speaker's Court and the main entrance of the Speaker's House , located in the pavilion at the north-east corner of the Palace.
St Stephen's Entrance, roughly in the middle of the building's western front, is the entrance for members of the public. From there, visitors walk through a flight of stairs to St Stephen's Hall, location of a collection of marbles, which includes Somers   Mansfield ,  Hampden ,  Walpole ,  Pitt  and Fox.
This hall is flanked by symmetrical corridors decorated with fresco paintings, which lead to the ante-rooms and debating chambers of the two Houses: the Members' Lobby and Commons Chamber to the north, and the Peers' Lobby and Lords Chamber to the south.
Another mural-lined corridor leads east to the Lower Waiting Hall and the staircase to the first floor, where the river front is occupied by a row of 16 committee rooms.
Directly below them, the libraries of the two Houses overlook the Thames from the principal floor. The grandest entrance to the Palace of Westminster is the Sovereign's Entrance beneath the Victoria Tower.
It was designed for the use of the monarch, who travels from Buckingham Palace by carriage every year for the State Opening of Parliament.
The Sovereign's Entrance is also the formal entrance used by visiting dignitaries,   as well as the starting point of public tours of the Palace.
From there, the Royal Staircase leads up to the principal floor with a broad, unbroken flight of 26 steps made of grey granite. The staircase is followed by the Norman Porch, a square landing distinguished by its central clustered column and the intricate ceiling it supports, which is made up of four groin vaults with lierne ribs and carved bosses.
The Porch was named for its proposed decorative scheme, based on Norman history. Queen Victoria is depicted twice in the room: as a young woman in the other stained-glass window,  and near the end of her life, sitting on the throne of the House of Lords, in a copy of a painting by Jean-Joseph Benjamin-Constant  which hangs on the eastern wall.
The sixteen plinths intended for the statues now house busts of prime ministers who have sat in the House of Lords, such as the Earl Grey and the Marquess of Salisbury.
A double door opposite the stairs leads to the Royal Gallery, and another to the right opens to the Robing Room. The Queen's Robing Room usually referred to simply as "the Robing Room" lies at the southern end of the ceremonial axis of the Palace and occupies the centre of the building's south front, overlooking the Victoria Tower Gardens.
A panel of purple velvet forms the backdrop to the chair, embroidered by the Royal School of Needlework with the royal arms, surrounded by stars and VR monograms.
The decorative theme of the room is the legend of King Arthur , considered by many Victorians the source of their nationhood. Each scene represents a chivalric virtue; the largest, between the two doors, is entitled Admission of Sir Tristram to the Round Table and illustrates the virtue of Hospitality.
The Robing Room was also briefly used as the House of Lords' meeting chamber while the House of Lords Chamber was occupied by the House of Commons, whose chamber had been destroyed by the Blitz in Immediately north of the Robing Room is the Royal Gallery.
At The decorative scheme of the Royal Gallery was meant to display important moments in British military history, and the walls are decorated by two large paintings by Daniel Maclise , each measuring Each depicts a monarch during whose reign a key battle or war took place.
The panelled ceiling, The Prince's Chamber is a small anteroom between the Royal Gallery and the Lords Chamber, named after the room adjoining the Parliament Chamber in the Old Palace of Westminster.
Thanks to its location, it is a place where members of the Lords meet to discuss business of the House. Several doors lead out of the room, to the division lobbies of the House of Lords and to a number of important offices.
The theme of the Prince's Chamber is Tudor history, and 28 oil portraits painted on panels around the room depict members of the Tudor dynasty.
They are the work of Richard Burchett and his pupils, and their creation entailed extensive research, which contributed to the founding of the National Portrait Gallery in They are scheduled to be fixed in the Prince's Chamber in the following months.
The room also contains a statue of Queen Victoria, seated on a throne itself placed on a pedestal and holding a sceptre and a laurel crown, which show that she both governs and rules.
However, the size and location of the group, in the archway opposite the doors to the Royal Gallery which are removed before State Openings of Parliament to facilitate the royal procession , indicate that it was meant to be seen from a distance, and to symbolically remind the monarch of their royal duties as they would walk down the Royal Gallery on their way to deliver their speech.
The Chamber of the House of Lords is located in the southern part of the Palace of Westminster. The lavishly decorated room measures The upper part of the Chamber is decorated by stained glass windows and by six allegorical frescoes representing religion, chivalry and law.
At the south end of the Chamber are the ornate gold Canopy and Throne; although the Sovereign may theoretically occupy the Throne during any sitting, he or she attends only the State Opening of Parliament.
Other members of the Royal Family who attend the State Opening use Chairs of State next to the Throne, and peers' sons are always entitled to sit on the steps of the Throne.
In front of the Throne is the Woolsack , an armless red cushion stuffed with wool , representing the historical importance of the wool trade, and used by the officer presiding over the House the Lord Speaker since , but historically the Lord Chancellor or a deputy.
The House's mace , which represents royal authority, is placed on the back of the Woolsack. In front of the Woolsack is the Judges' Woolsack, a larger red cushion that used to be occupied during the State Opening by the Law Lords who were members of the House of Lords , and prospectively by the Supreme Court Justices and other Judges whether or not members , to represent the Judicial Branch of Government.
The Table of the House, at which the clerks sit, is in front. Members of the House occupy red benches on three sides of the Chamber.
The benches on the Lord Speaker's right form the Spiritual Side and those to his left form the Temporal Side.
The Lords Spiritual archbishops and bishops of the established Church of England all occupy the Spiritual Side. The Lords Temporal nobles sit according to party affiliation: members of the Government party sit on the Spiritual Side, while those of the Opposition sit on the Temporal Side.
Some peers, who have no party affiliation, sit on the benches in the middle of the House opposite the Woolsack; they are accordingly known as crossbenchers.
The Lords Chamber is the site of nationally televised ceremonies, the most important of which is the State Opening of Parliament , which is held formally to open each annual parliamentary session, either after a General Election or in the autumn.
At this occasion every constitutional element of the government is represented: the Crown both literally, and figuratively in the person of the Sovereign , The Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and The Commons, who together form the Legislature , the Judiciary although no judges are members of either House of Parliament , and the Executive both Government Ministers , and ceremonial military units in attendance on the Sovereign ; and a large number of guests are invited to attend in the large Royal Gallery immediately outside the Chamber.
The Sovereign, seated on the Throne, delivers the Speech from the Throne , outlining the Government's programme for the year and legislative agenda for the forthcoming parliamentary session.
The Commons may not enter the Lords' debating floor; instead, they watch the proceedings from beyond the Bar of the House, just inside the door.
A small purely formal ceremony is held to end each parliamentary session, when the Sovereign is merely represented by a group of Lords Commissioners.
Following the Blitz, which destroyed the chamber of the House of Commons, the Lords' chamber was occupied by the Commons.
The Lords temporarily used the Robing Room during the reconstruction. The State Opening Of Parliament was carried out as normal, with the new rooms being used.
Evidence can still be seen of this today, with damage clearly visible on one of the doors where they were struck by Black Rod.
Directly north of the Lords Chamber lies the Peers' Lobby, an antechamber where Lords can informally discuss or negotiate matters during sittings of the House, as well as collect messages from the doorkeepers , who control access to the Chamber.
The walls are faced with white stone and each is pierced by a doorway; above the arches are displayed arms representing the six royal dynasties which ruled England until Queen Victoria's reign Saxon , Norman , Plantagenet , Tudor , Stuart and Hanoverian , and between them there are windows stained with the arms of the early aristocratic families of England.
Of the doorways, the one to the south—which leads into the Lords Chamber—is the most magnificent, and sports much gilding and decoration, including the full royal arms.
It is enclosed by the Brass Gates, a pair of elaborately pierced and studded doors together weighing 1. To the north is the vaulted Peers' Corridor, which is decorated with eight murals by Charles West Cope depicting historical scenes from the period around the English Civil War.
Originally named "Octagon Hall" because of its shape, the Central Lobby is the heart of the Palace of Westminster. It lies directly below the Central Tower and forms a busy crossroads between the House of Lords to the south, the House of Commons to the north, St Stephen's Hall and the public entrance to the west, and the Lower Waiting Hall and the libraries to the east.
Its location halfway between the two debating chambers has led constitutional theorist Erskine May to describe the Lobby as "the political centre of the British Empire",  and allows a person standing under the great chandelier to see both the Royal Throne and the Speaker's Chair, provided that all the intervening doors are open.
Constituents may meet their Members of Parliament here, even without an appointment,  and this practice is the origin of the term lobbying.
In front of them stand four bigger-than-life statues of 19th-century statesmen, including one of four-time Prime Minister William Ewart Gladstone.
The East Corridor leads from the Central Lobby to the Lower Waiting Hall, and its six panels remained blank until , when they were filled with scenes from Tudor history.
One of the scenes is probably not historical: Plucking the Red and White Roses in the Old Temple Gardens , depicting the origin of these flowers as emblems of the Houses of Lancaster and York respectively, was taken from Shakespeare's play Henry VI, Part 1.
The other major contributors were John Rogers Herbert , finishing in but having had some commissions cancelled, Charles West Cope who worked until , Edward Matthew Ward until , Edward Armitage , George Frederic Watts , John Callcott Horsley , John Tenniel and Daniel Maclise.
In the 20th century, further paintings were commissioned from other artists. During the Second World War see The Blitz , the Palace of Westminster was hit by bombs on fourteen separate occasions.
One bomb fell into Old Palace Yard on 26 September and severely damaged the south wall of St Stephen's Porch and the west front.
The worst raid took place in the night of 10—11 May , when the Palace took at least twelve hits and three people two policemen and the Resident Superintendent of the House of Lords, Edward Elliott  were killed.
The firefighters could not save both, and a decision was taken to try to rescue the Hall. The Clock Tower took a hit by a small bomb or anti-aircraft shell at the eaves of the roof, suffering much damage there.
All the glass on the south dial was blown out, but the hands and bells were not affected, and the Great Clock continued to keep time accurately.
Following the destruction of the Commons Chamber, the Lords offered their own debating chamber for the use of the Commons; for their own sittings the Queen's Robing Room was converted into a makeshift chamber.
As the need for office space in the Palace increased, Parliament acquired office space in the nearby Norman Shaw Building in ,  and in the custom-built Portcullis House , completed in This increase has enabled all MPs to have their own office facilities.
The Palace of Westminster, which is a Grade 1 listed building , is in urgent need of extensive restoration to its fabric. A pre-feasibility report set out several options, including the possibility of Parliament moving to other premises while work is carried out.
At the same time, the option of moving Parliament to a new location was discounted, with staying at the Westminster site preferred. MPs decided in to vacate the building for six years starting in It is expected that the House of Commons will be temporarily housed in a replica chamber to be located in Richmond House in Whitehall and the House of Lords will be housed at the Queen Elizabeth II Conference Centre in Parliament Square.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Conjectural restoration of Westminster during the reign of Henry VIII. Westminster Abbey is in the background.
Bland annat användes det till större möten och däribland av the Royal Council of bishops, nobles and ministers. Denna grupp, som senare kom att bli känt som parlamentet , var en förlaga till det som idag är landets överhus.
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